The Pilot 2 area is 42 hectares and affiliated to the Bei’an Administration of Heilongjiang Land Reclamation Bureau and located in Wudalianchi and Bei’an City, whilst Pilot 3 covering an area of 3.2 hectares is located in Liuhe district of the Jiangshu Province. The challenges presented in Pilot 2 are a low level of awareness, a lag in variety and over‐application of chemical fertilizers, whilst in Pilot 3 they are related to small‐scale farming, nutrient imbalances, over‐application of chemical fertilizers and soil contamination. The pilot innovations are relative to advanced strategies and technologies, soil quality improvement, and a soil management intelligent service platform that can be customized for multiple terminals.
The Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences is the cradle land of soil sciences in China and it takes on the important task of serving agricultural development as well as ecological and environmental protection in China. Based on the properties, types and distribution of soils, ISSCAS focuses its research on quantitative classification; spatial distribution; dynamic monitoring, evaluation and management of the soil resources; and interactive relationships between soil evolution and environmental changes. Utilising remote sensing, GIS and other modern techniques originating from related disciplines, a solid scientific basis for decision-making is provided to governments at various levels enabling efficient utilization and development of soil resources and macroscopic environmental management plans.